What Parents Need to Know About Minecraft (2023)

Written by Patricia E. Vance, President, ESRB

Originally released more than a decade ago, Mojang Studio’s Minecraft has grown into one of the most recognizable video game franchises in the world, played by millions of people in every country and territory including Antarctica and Vatican City. The open-world sandbox game is filled with the kind of exploration, creation, and community that appeal to adults and children alike.

Furthermore, Minecraft launched hundreds of streaming careers and content creators’ channels, making it one of the most watched games of all time on streaming platforms. In fact, Minecraft videos have been streamed more than 1 trillion times on YouTube alone!

Odds are you’ve been hearing about Minecraft for quite some time. Maybe you’ve learned a lot about it through your kids, or maybe you’re just getting acquainted with it now. Either way, if you’re wondering about what more you need to know about the risks and rewards of your child playing Minecraft, read on.

What is Minecraft?

At its core, Minecraft is a game where players place blocks and go on adventures. This includes anything from crafting simple items like containers or weapons, to building structures like houses, castles, and cities, or even making complex mechanical-devices, all within the game’s world. Think of it like an endless world of complex LEGOs that allows players to imagine, design, and create anything they dream up.

Gameplay in Minecraft is split into two different modes: Survival mode and creative mode.

Survival mode is almost like a campaign, where players must forage for food and fend off incoming enemies with various weapons such as swords or pickaxes. Players have to be resourceful when exploring their environment, as they could be attacked by mobs of threatening creatures (such as the iconic Creeper).

In creative mode, players can fly and have access to an unlimited amount of in-game resources.

The ultimate goal is to use materials to build equipment and structures like houses or gardens to stay safe from the elements. Unlike many similar games, the path to victory is entirely up to the player. The open-world structure invites many different playstyles and encourages experimentation and exploration when dealing with the crafting mechanic. For those that want a structured challenge, the Ender Dragon is the main threat within this mode, and players can try and vanquish it, though it’s not an easy task!

Creative mode offers a more open-ended experience, where players do not have to worry about hunger, health, or being attacked by enemies. In creative mode, players can fly and have access to an unlimited amount of in-game resources. With a full arsenal of materials to use, players create and explore to their heart’s content. Some players opt to create simple structures, while others create vast works of art and engineering. The possibilities are endless!

Is Minecraft Appropriate for Kids?

Minecraft is rated E10+ (Everyone 10+) with a Content Descriptor for Fantasy Violence. It also has Interactive Elements for Users Interact (meaning players can communicate online if they choose) and In-Game Purchases (meaning the game offers the ability to exchange real-world currency for in-game currency or items).

Minecraft does not have violent or gory content in-game. Enemies and other creatures will simply vanish when defeated, and while players can kill non-threatening animals for food sources, these displays are not glorified. Materials like pickaxes and dynamite are used to explode terrain and enemies, but these are blocky and cartoony in nature. In survival mode, players can perish from starvation, burning, drowning, falling, or being attacked by hostile creatures, among other fates; however, these aren’t shown, and players can simply respawn after succumbing to the elements.

Community Features

Players can also join private servers that are set up by independent members of the community and are not controlled or moderated by Mojang Studios. Servers may host some users with whom parents may not be familiar. Players can “block” or “mute” other players who bother them. Many servers are set up by default to censor profanity in text chat; however, some servers – which is an individual player’s “world” – are set up by their host to allow more explicit or objectionable content subject to the specific community guidelines they establish. Voice chat is not available in the game, but players can use other platforms like Discord to chat while playing.

Parents can also create their own private server for their child called a Minecraft Realm.

Parents should monitor which servers their children are participating in to determine if the user base is appropriate. You can also create a private server for your kids called aMinecraft Realm, which allows you to individually approve or deny who is permitted to enter. Microsoft parental controls also enable parents to set up a child account to manage online communications, not just in Minecraft but in other Windows PC and Xbox games.

Differentiating Versions of Minecraft

You may notice that there are two different versions: Minecraft Java Edition and Minecraft Bedrock Edition. The major difference between these two are the platforms on which they are available. Java Edition is available on PC, Mac, and Linux computers, whereas Bedrock is available on Windows 10 and 11, Xbox One, Xbox Series S and X, PlayStation 4 and 5, Nintendo Switch, Fire OS/TV, Android, iOS, Windows Mobile, and Samsung Gear VR. Players using the Java Edition cannot play with players using the Bedrock Edition, so if your child plays Minecraft on a PC and wants to play with their friends online, it would be important to find out which version their friends use.

There are a number of other differences between the two versions, including how players access user-created “mods” or downloadable content like skins and maps for the game.In the Bedrock Edition, mods are curated and only accessible in the Minecraft Marketplace, which means the quality will likely be more limited but consistent. The Bedrock Edition enables cross-play across a much broader variety of platforms, whereas the Java Edition is limited to playing with other PC users. You can find more on the differences between Minecraft Java Edition and Minecraft Bedrock Edition here and here.

How Much Does Minecraft Cost?

Minecraft is available for almost every modern console, smartphone, tablet, and computer, but the price of the game differs depending upon the platforms your kids use.

Regardless of the version, “Minecoins” (Minecraft’s in-game currency) can be used to purchase add-ons and skins in the Minecraft Marketplace. Note that any add-ons are completely optional, and the game is playable without needing to make any additional purchases. Minecoins aren’t available for purchase on all platforms, so it may not even be applicable in your home. You can find more about where Minecoins are available here.

Remember that all gaming devices have parental controls that allow you to restrict or limit the ability to make in-game purchases. In addition to setting controls around in-game purchases, you can visit ESRB’s step-by-step parental control guides at ParentalTools.org to help manage what your kids play, with whom, and for how long.

Using Minecraft in Schools

Minecraft also has a special version created specifically to facilitate learning in a fun and engaging way. Minecraft: Education Edition is built to help kids learn things like collaboration, creative problem-solving, STEM skills, and more! It’s available for free for anyone with an Office 365 Education account. If you (or your kids’ school) aren’t eligible you can still try Education Edition with a free Hour of Code.

What Parents Need to Know About Minecraft (1)

Patricia E. Vance is the president of the Entertainment Software Rating Board (ESRB). In her position, she leads the teams responsible for assigning age and content ratings to video games and apps, enforcing marketing guidelines adopted by the video game industry, and operating ESRB Privacy Certified, an FTC-sanctioned COPPA Safe Harbor Privacy seal certification program.


What Parents Need to Know About Minecraft? ›

While Minecraft is a generally safe game for kids, there is a risk of exposure to inappropriate content and language. This can be particularly concerning in multiplayer modes, where kids can interact with other players from around the world.

Why do parents like Minecraft? ›

A lot of parents are especially happy to spend time and money on Minecraft for their kids because they see it as a teaching tool. Minecraft can educate kids about architecture, and players can use something called redstone circuits to create simple mechanical devices, even entire computers, out of Minecraft blocks.

Which is safer Minecraft or Roblox? ›

Parental control has been introduced by Roblox's developer, however, it isn't very effective. In general, Minecraft is a safer game for kids, however parents of kids playing Roblox should use age-restricted mode or similar settings to keep their kids away from inappropriate content.

Is Minecraft age appropriate? ›

According to the 'Entertaining Software Rating Board' (ESRB), Minecraft is suitable for users aged 10+. Due to its 'Fantasy Violence,' the ESRB states that this rating has been given as 'players can engage in violent acts such as setting animals on fire and harming them with weapons.

Should I let my 7 year old play Minecraft? ›

Minecraft is rated 7+, meaning that the game is recommended for children from the age of 7 upwards. The PEGI system classifies a 7+ rating as a game that “contains non-realistic looking violence towards fantasy characters (…) that could be upsetting to very young children.”

What are the parent concerns with Minecraft? ›

Potential risks of Minecraft for Kids
  • i) Exposure to inappropriate content and language. While Minecraft is a generally safe game for kids, there is a risk of exposure to inappropriate content and language. ...
  • ii) Addiction and excessive screen time. ...
  • iii) Cyberbullying.
May 4, 2023

Is Minecraft good for kids brains? ›

Does Minecraft make you smarter? As far as non-violent, educational games go, Minecraft is arguably one of the best. It can teach kids the fundamentals of programming skills, teamwork, problem-solving, project management, and offers a fantastic environment to foster creativity and “out of the box” thinking.

Does Minecraft have more hackers than Roblox? ›

A team of security researchers has discovered that nearly 25% of malicious files are spread by Minecraft-related files. FIFA (11%), Roblox (9.5%), Far Cry (9.4%), Call of Duty (9%), Need for Speed, Grand Theft Auto are also being abused by hackers.

Is Minecraft less toxic than Roblox? ›

Parental Controls and Age Ratings

In general, Minecraft is rated as being suitable for children aged 7 and above, while Roblox is rated 13+. Although in reality, it's more complicated than this, as the multiplayer experiences of both these games mean that children could potentially be exposed to adult themes.

What does Minecraft teach you? ›

Minecraft Education prepares students for the future, building future-ready skills like creativity, problem solving, and systems thinking, and nurturing a passion for play. Build empathy and learn digital citizenship.

Is Minecraft addictive game? ›

As per a recent study, Minecraft is the market's most addictive game. This study evaluated a selection of games and assigned each game a level of addictiveness. More than 1,500 gamers and their habits were tracked for the study.

What is Roblox age limit? ›

The controls are optional, and kids of any age can create an account on Roblox with no parental restrictions. On accounts for kids under 13, Roblox automatically defaults to stricter settings, but a kid could change these if there's no parent PIN.

Is Fortnite better than Minecraft? ›

The primary factor that makes Fortnite superior to Minecraft is that it is a free-to-play game. The latter has microtransactions that allow players to access DLC, animated characters, and more, and it costs about $27.

Is Roblox too violent? ›

17+ experiences on Roblox may include graphic and realistic-looking depictions of violence and heavy bloodshed, but we do not allow content that contains extreme violence or serious physical or psychological abuse, including: Animal abuse and torture.

Do parents like Minecraft? ›

Some parents love it: it provides a creative outlet and keeps their kid out of trouble. Other parents hate it: it is an addictive waste of time, violent, and their kids always want to buy the Minecraft books at the book fair. As a former classroom teacher, my feelings for many years fell primarily in the second camp.

Why should parents let their child play Minecraft? ›

Games like Minecraft that allow for exploration and creativity can be good for learning. They stimulate critical thinking, problem-solving, and systems thinking (learning how things work together).

Why is Minecraft so addictive for children? ›

Kids' obsession with Minecraft is also fueled by their friendships. They experience peer pressure to play online, much like they would in a social setting, to keep up. Children compete with one another, and they play games for longer periods to develop new skills.

Should I let my 13 year old play Minecraft? ›

Minecraft is rated E10+ (Everyone 10+) with a Content Descriptor for Fantasy Violence. It also has Interactive Elements for Users Interact (meaning players can communicate online if they choose) and In-Game Purchases (meaning the game offers the ability to exchange real-world currency for in-game currency or items).


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